Test your knowledge with this tricentennial pop quiz

Published 12:01 am Wednesday, August 3, 2016

1. According to British accounts, how did the American Indians who inhabited Adams County pronounce the word “Natchez?”

A. Natchez, like “matches.”

B. Notch-ee

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C. Nah-shay

D. They didn’t use the word “Natchez”


2. What was the first official name of the Natchez Trace when the federal government authorized the road between Nashville and Natchez?

A. Columbian Highway

B. The Mississippi Trail

C. The Trace

D. Robber’s Way


3. The first major structure European settlers built in Natchez was:

A. Fort Rosalie

B. A brewery

C. A tree house

D. St. Mary Basilica


4. In what order did the colonial powers inhabit Natchez?

A. Spanish, French, English, U.S.

B. English, Spanish, U.S., French

C. French, English, Spanish, U.S.

D. French, U.S., Spanish, English


5. When did Natchez first become a U.S. territory?

A. 1783, after the Treaty of Paris, ending the American Revolution

B. 1798, after the Spanish relinquished control three years after the 1795 Treaty of Lorenzo

C. 1814, after the end of the War of 1812

D. 1870, following the Civil War


6. Natchez was the _____ capital of the State of Mississippi

A. First

C. Third

D. First and third

E. Natchez has never been the capital


7. What was the name of the state’s first college for girls founded in the area in 1818?

A. Elizabeth Female Academy

B. Saint Anne School for Catholic Women

C. Girl’s Learnin’ Schoolshed

D. Washington Methodist Church School for Girls


8. When the Great Natchez Tornado struck, where did most of the 311 accounted for victims die?

A. In Vidalia

B. On the river

C. Natchez Under-the-Hill

D. Kingston


9. Before the Civil War, how did Adams County vote at the Mississippi Secession Convention?

A. Pro-secession

B. Anti-secession

C. Abstained

D. Voted to become the independent State of Adams


10. How many casualties were reported in the Union shelling of Natchez Under-the-Hill during the Civil War?

A. None

B. One

C. 10

D. 20


11. What Natchez resident became the first black man to sit in either house of the U.S. Congress in 1870?

A. Hiram R. Revels

B. Robert Wood

C. Seargent S. Prentiss

D. William Johnson


12. What destroyed the cotton economy in Natchez?

A. The Union soldiers poisoned the land before leaving

B. The post-war economy bottomed out and no one could afford cotton

C. The invention of nylon

D. The arrival of the boll weevil pest


13. What historically black college that is still in operation was founded in Natchez but has since moved to a new location?

A. Jackson State University

B. Tougaloo College

C. Alcorn State University

D. Dillard University


14. What event is considered the birth of historic preservation in Natchez?

A. The 1924 protests of citizens at the demolition of the historic City Hall.

B. The 1940 efforts of the Southern Preservation Society to save a 1780-vintage plantation home.

C. The 1937 protest of additions to the Adams County courthouse which some residents said would “detract from the historical, aesthetic and punitive values” of the building.

D. The 1974 founding of the Historic Natchez Foundation.


15. How much did one ticket cost for a house tour during the first Spring Pilgrimage in 1932?

A. $1

B. $5

C. $10

D. $15


16. What current government building served as the site of executions for capital prisoners well into the 20th century?

A. The Adams County Jail

B. The Adams County Board of Supervisors Office

C. Natchez City Hall

D. The Natchez Council Chambers


17. Who wrote the song “Natchez Burning” to commemorate the deadly Rhythm Night Club fire which killed 209 people in 1940?

A. Louis Armstrong

B. Muddy Waters

C. John Lee Hooker

D. Howlin’ Wolf


18. Who was the only sitting U.S. President to visit Natchez?

A. William Taft

B. Jefferson Davis

C. Theodore Roosevelt

D. No sitting presidents have visited Natchez


19. Which of these was not a factory in Natchez during the 20th century?

a). Armstrong Tire

b). International Paper

c). Triton Battery

d). Johns Manville


20. What is the highest recorded level of the Mississippi River at Natchez, which happened in May 2011?

A. 57.9 feet

B. 60.3 feet

C. 61.9 feet

D. 63.1 feet


21. Where was the city cemetery before it was established in its present location?

A. On the Natchez bluff

B. On Homochitto Street

C. Where the county courthouse stands now

D. Memorial Park


22. Natchez is the ____ capital of the world.

A. Chicken and waffles

B. Biscuit

C. Catfish

D. Fried green tomato


23. What former modern Mississippi governor grew up in Natchez?

A. Haley Barbour

B. William Winter

C. Bill Allain

D. Ronnie Musgrove


24. What is notable about the Mississippi River bridges at Natchez?

A. The bodies of several construction workers are entombed in the concrete piers

B. Its spans are the tallest bridges in Mississippi

C. Its spans are the longest bridges across the Mississippi River

D. The original rivets on the older span were made using recycled shell casings from World War II


25. What event will mark the official 300th anniversary of Natchez’s founding?

A. The city will note the area’s American Indian heritage at the Grand Village of the Natchez Indians

B. The National Park Service will open the site of Fort Rosalie to the public

C. Fireworks on the bluff

D. All of the above

Click “next page” for the answers.